Africa-Press – Cape verde. The National Institute of Public Health (INSP) analyzed a suspected case of Monkeypox in Cape Verde, but with a negative result. However, between today and tomorrow, the institution will disseminate information and guidelines on the disease, aimed at health professionals and the general population. Praia City has had diagnostic capacity for three weeks.
The information was advanced today to Inforpress by the president of the INSP, Maria da Luz Mendonça, according to which, so far, only one suspected case has arrived at the Praia laboratory, with a negative result.
According to the same source, the country, specifically the City of Praia, has had national capacity for laboratory diagnosis of the disease for about three weeks, namely reagents, equipment and trained human resources.
“For now, we are building capacity in the virology laboratory in Praia, as we believe that, as we are at the beginning of the outbreak, there is still no need to be on all the islands with reagents, although the technicians are all trained to diagnose monkeypox cases ”, said Maria da Luz Mendonça.
With regard to the communication plan prepared by the INSP, he advanced that the first guidelines were for health professionals, in order to be able to quickly detect a suspected case, while the second will be directed to the population.
“Monkey smallpox is transmitted when someone has close contact with skin lesions, respiratory secretions or objects, in this case even cutlery, used by a person who is infected,” he said, noting that the virus can be passed from one person to another. mother to child during pregnancy through the placenta.
The disease, he informed, can also be transmitted during sexual intercourse, through proximity and skin-to-skin contact between the people involved.
Incubation and development
The incubation period [the time between the virus invading the cells and the appearance of the first symptoms] usually varies from 6 to 13 days, but can reach 21 days.
From the onset of symptoms, the infection can be divided into two moments: first, he indicated, the period of invasion takes place, which lasts up to 5 days, in which the patient may have fever, severe headache, swelling in the lymph nodes and pain. muscle, among others.
The second stage of the disease is marked by sores on the skin, and these skin marks appear after 1 to 3 days from the onset of fever and, over time, form small blisters with liquid inside.