Since Ethiopia announced in July 2021 its plan to start the second filling of the Grand Renaissance Dam, Egypt and Sudan have called on the Arab League, US, EU, UN Security Council, and African Union to put pressure on Ethiopia to stop it. Still, the dispute remains open.
Since 2011, Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia have been negotiating an agreement on the filling and operating of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), intended to be the largest source of hydroelectric power in Africa, with a capacity of 6,500 megawatts.
Ethiopia considers the dam necessary for its economic development, while Egypt deems it a serious threat to its water supply, as the Nile provides about 95 percent of the water it needs for domestic, agricultural, and industrial use. Although Egypt and Sudan depend on the Nile for their water supply, 85 percent of the river flows in Ethiopia.