Artificial Intelligence versus Global Jobs

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Artificial Intelligence versus Global Jobs
Artificial Intelligence versus Global Jobs

BY
SAHIBZADA M. USMAN, PH.D.

Africa-Press – Kenya. The current technological scene of this century is evolving at a rapid pace, with AI being at the heart of these changes. This evolution has led to sweeping transformations in the workforce, which has raised a debate concerning what awaits job opportunities as AI and automation take hold. Even though some perceive AI as a threat to employment and job stability, others consider it an impetus for the creation of new jobs alongside increased efficiency. It is important to undertake a closer examination at the complex nature of AI and work, unraveling some details about what it might mean for individuals and establishing how businesses, politicians, professionals specifically can tap into.

While the development of AI has led to concerns over job losses, the fear of being replaced by technology is not a recent phenomenon. There have been numerous historical examples of these fears, such as the developments of the Industrial Revolution that indicate technology disruptions can cause damage to labor markets but following time lead to creation of new types for jobs and industries. On the other hand, AI poses a different type of problem because it is unprecedented in its speed and scope as well as cognitive abilities.

Over the last couple of years, AI technologies have begun to play a key role in several industries. In the industrial sector, AI-based robots and automation have redefined production lines in terms of efficiency and accuracy. This also encompasses the healthcare industry, where AI algorithms have assisted in diagnostics, treatment planning and patient care while in finance sector AI is used to gain risk appraisal, fraud detection and personalized financial services. These applications are only the tip of the proverbial iceberg. AI technology can be applicable to almost every industry: autonomous vehicles relating to transportation and machine learning-based crop management systems for agriculture are just some examples of this (Table-1).

Table-1 AI Skills Demand

These sectors with AI integration have different effects on jobs. While some positions have been automated, new jobs that demand different competencies have emerged. Similarly, in manufacturing we see declining demand for manual routine tasks and increasing requirements of AI maintenance, supervision, and programming.

Job Concerns and New Opportunities

The implementation of AI across industries has caused growing concerns about job losses for positions that require structured and simple decision processes. Different jobs in sectors such as customer service, transportation, and simple data entry are more vulnerable to automation. For example, the introduction of self-driving technology may dramatically change responsibilities like that of taxi and truck drivers. Several reports and studies have tried to measure the potential effects by AI and automation regarding jobs. For instance, a report from the World Economic Forum suggests that even though artificial intelligence and automation may result up to 75 million job displacement by 2025[4] but it is likely that around133million fresh roles could be created and the statistics will be different by 2030 as explain in Figure 1. Nevertheless, these estimates greatly differ depending on the sector of industries as well as region and environment.

Figure-1 Jobs at Risk by Automation (2030)

Job losses caused by AI is not purely an economic problem but is also a societal one. It is evident that job loses can have drastic social and societal consequences, of which some include rise in inequality, economic insecurity as well as other strings. Therefore, it is important for the policymakers and industry authorities to remember these aspects as they look into ways of ensuring that AI does not cause a harm but become useful in their applications.

Rather than causing unemployment to spread, AI is also a major employment generator. New job fields are also emerging, particularly in the domain of artificial intelligence implementation and data analytics as well as cybersecurity and AI ethics. These roles are not only in the tech industry but extend to other industries that deploy AI for use. For instance, the healthcare industry has witnessed an increase in demand for AI technologists who can team up with medical personnel to enhance patient outcomes. In finance, AI has established positions for data scientists and compliance officers to translate its insights informed by the algorithmic information and make sure that these are in line with regulatory requirements. There is, therefore, an urgent need for education as well as training programs that are tailored towards matching the changing job market. These not only covers technical skills related to AI and data science but also soft skill such as adaptability, critical thinking, problem-solving.

The Skills Challenge and Ethical Issue

Since AI has begun changing the workplace, a gap forms between workers’ existing competencies and those they need to fulfill roles created due to automation. This skills gap is a big problem for job seekers and employers of labor who want to use AI in their activities. The strategies involved to fill this gap encompass reskilling and upskilling. This cover equipping the workers with applicable training and education that fulfils the job requirement in a job market dominated by AI. Thereby, securing job giving competitive advantage in AI driven market. For an illustration, employees should prioritize to learn digital literacy, AI programming and data analytics to compete technology demanding market criteria.

The ethical issues are arising in the professional environment with the use of AI. Concerns of privacy, discrimination in AI algorithms and who is responsible for the consequences of decisions driven by artificial intelligence are wrecking. For example, this concerns the endeavor to keep AI from generating new types of partiality or exacerbating those that already exist. The centrality of strong regulatory regimes to oversee the influence A.I will have on jobs and society. This includes policies regarding data privacy, AI safety and ethical use of AI in conjunction with working conditions under an increasingly automated workplace. Various countries are taking different approaches to AI governance. For instance, the European Union chose to come up with recommendations for ethical AI at an early stage while countries such as Japan work towards incorporating it in their roadmaps for economic development and societal welfare.

The Future outlook

AI in the future of work is not about human job replacement. AI can also respond to manual and monotonous duties making humans engage in creativeness activities or those involving strategic aspects. There are studies in various sectors, which demonstrate the advantages of AI-human cooperation. For instance, in the field of medicine, AI helps doctors to diagnose diseases and come up with proper treatment plans that improve patient outcomes. The future of work will be a more flexible one, full of dynamism and increased diversity; AI is thus going to play a critical role in accelerating productivity as well as innovation. Thus, adaptation and constant learning in combination with productive interaction with AI will be the basis for success of this new era.

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