Academics Defend Reform of the Administrative Model

Academics Defend Reform of the Administrative Model
Academics Defend Reform of the Administrative Model

Africa-Press – Angola. Participants of the 1st Methodological Meeting of Administrative Law, in Luanda, reflected, Friday, on the need to carry out some reforms in the current model of administrative organization in Angola.

For the professor at the Catholic University of Angola Moreira Lopes, the current model has evolved, however some aspects, such as the positioning and nature of public companies in terms of the administrative system, need to be reviewed.

Another aspect that also deserves some observation, pointed out the specialist in Administrative Law, has to do with the form and means of financing public companies.

11 years have passed since the implementation of the Law, which dates back to 2013, he said, referring to the Basic Law for the Public Business Sector.

The academic explained that when discussing issues in the public business sector, the aim is to create self-sufficient companies, which seek to satisfy the public interest and which at the same time can raise revenue for their self-financing.

“In fact, they are a production unit. Now, today, the scenario we have, which essentially brings together public companies, public domain companies and so-called minority interests, still cannot, through this model, respond to the problems of financing”, he highlighted.

Moreira Lopes made it known that another problem that was partially resolved, but still unsatisfactorily, is related to the application of the hiring rules used by public companies.

“We have to discuss this. Because there is a model that partially responds to the problem, but not yet in a satisfactory way. We first need to free public companies from a set of principles, as some of these do not help in their development, much less in their positioning in the market,” he explained.

Moreira Lopes pointed out, as an example, that companies are created based on the logic of market intervention. However, with the application of some rules, this mediation and its performance in the market is not the best, as they are tied to a set of principles and rules specific to and applied to public entities.

For his part, the coordinator of the Editorial Department of the Catholic University of Angola (UCAN), Waldemar Freitas, who presented the panel on “Local Autonomous Administration: Between Ideal, Effective and Proposed Models”, highlighted that political-administrative decentralization must include traditional authorities and local authorities.

Regarding the relationship between local authorities and the State, a topic he addressed during the methodological meeting, Waldemar Freitas said that in the future, if local authorities are implemented, there will be a guardianship relationship in accordance with paragraph d) of article 120 of the Constitution of Republic of Angola.

“The matter on administrative supervision was, in fact, innovative, in that it put an end to the protection of merit. This means that there will only be, within the scope of the relationship between the State and the local authorities, the protection of legality, because the protection of merit is more aggressive”, he emphasized.

During the meeting, which was opened by the Minister of State and head of the Civil House of the President of the Republic, Adão de Almeida, topics such as “Administrative Decentralization and Economic Efficiency” were also discussed, given by researcher Precioso Domingos, from the Center for Studies and Scientific Research at the Catholic University of Angola.

In his approach, the researcher mentioned that the phenomenon of decentralization cannot escape the influence of economic forces that will condition it in some way. For Precioso Domingos, the entire political system comprises economic, social and political issues, between which reciprocal relationships are established.

Among the forces, he said, elements such as, for example, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) should be considered, as it is an element that indicates the wealth and degree of economic development of a country.

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