Sekhankula back in the music arena

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Sekhankula back in the music arena
Sekhankula back in the music arena

Africa-Press – Lesotho. TWO National University of Lesotho (NUL) humanities lecturers are creating a new brand of music that borrows from Afro-Jazz and other African sounds with a mix of sekhankula.

“The result is a new unique brand of music that sends you to the seventh heaven,” remarked one enthusiast. The lecturers are Mape Mohlomi and Professor Tšepiso Rantšo,
Welcome to the world of “Rantšo le Mohlomi. ”

In there, you will be enthralled by the likes of “Bophelo bo joalo,” a mesmerising voiceless song about Covid-19. “Bothoto ke lefa la ba bohlale,” which profiles the realities of how some people have normalised cheating and stealing from others in all areas of life, and “Shapa tsotsi e mathe lebelo.


We are used to all shades of African music.

We know Afro-Jazz and we know the apparently dying sekhankula music that, in its purest form, used to entertain Basotho through much of the 20th century.

Sekhankula is made from junk metal tins and is played with a horsehair bow. What we haven’t heard, at least at this level, is the modern mix of established African sounds with a more traditional music like the sekhankula music.

So today, “Rantšo le Mohlomi” album is bringing you exactly that. “I have been in music for quite some time,” said Mohlomi as he introduces his new album. Of course we have covered the story of his music journey on this platform before.

“However, when people listened to my music, they have often confused it with the music of such legends as Tšepo Tšola, Oliver Mtukudzi, Bhudaza Mapefane and so on.


“I want to reach a point where just hearing the sounds will lead to a name, Mape, not the artists that came before me.


Mohlomi said he had to think of new sounds, based on old Lesotho traditional music that could be fused with the current popular African sounds.

He went searching. “I could locate only one person left in Lesotho who could play Setolotolo. I could also locate more than five who still played Lesiba.

Here I mean people who were really skilled in these old Basotho instruments,” he said. Lesiba consists of a flattened quill attached to a long piece of sinew string, which is itself stretched over a piece of hardwood.

The wood acts as the resonating surface for the string. Setolotolo is a three-piece construction comprised of cylindrical centre section of wood with a hole in each end for insertion of smaller, slightly arched pieces of wood.

It is strung with copper wire, bound to middle of centre section and tied to end sections. One end of centre section is bound with several wrappings of twined plant fibre with loop for hanging.

Once in time, fate would see him in Professor Rantšo’s office. He saw the picture on the wall in which the then young Rantšo was holding senkhakula beside a white lady.

The message was clear. Professor Rantšo knew a thing or two about sekhankula. He would later find that the Professor knew a lot, actually, he lived the music. The two colleagues were then thrown into a search for sekhankula to see if the proposed “collabo” would work.

“I played sekhankula even before I went to primary school, following on the footsteps of my brothers,” introduced Professor Rantšo whose love and mastery of this deeply tradition music seems to be at odds with his status as a professor at the university.

Of course, he doesn’t mind killing such outdated perceptions. “Despite me and my friends practising sekhankula for years, only when I was in Standard Seven was I successful enough to create music out of it.

Most of my peers never lived to do it. They all gave up. ”
The lesson? “It may look simple but the sekhankula instrument is one of the hardest to master.


It needs patience, it needs passion, it needs time.

“If you don’t have a combination of the three you won’t make it,” he said.

When he finished high school, he herded sheep and cattle for two years before making it to NUL. That was the time he honed his sekhankula skills to the maximum. He came out of with a few lessons. First, those who took care of sheep or, more conveniently, goats, were able to master sekhankula better.

That is because, herding those don’t keep you as busy as when you herd cattle which need constant attention, “that is why cattle herders often preferred lesiba, which they could even hold with one hand while the other took care of the animals”.

Second, the sekhankula music mastery starts with the assembly of the instrument itself. The tin has to be of the right size and it has to be put through fire to produce good sounds.

The tin openings have to be just right not too big, not too small. The stick has to be of the right thickness and the right length. You will also need to make a careful search for horse tail hair.

It is long enough to make a good instrument. Theory aside, Mohlomi first bought an existing sekhankula which fell short. Professor Rantšo later scanned the scrapyards to find proper materials with which he created two brand new sekhankula instruments.

They then sat down and experimented and experimented. The result of the fateful encounter in 2019 in the professor’s office gave us a transformative album in the name of “Bothoto ke lefa.


The two academics believe that more needs to be done to document, preserve and recreate old kinds of Basotho music and musical instruments.

“We hope that one day NUL will create a Department of Music for such purposes and more,” they said.

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